Prostate Cancer Treatment Process

Prostate Cancer

  • 1. Your Team

    Prostate cancer treatment with the CyberKnife® System involves a team approach, in which several specialists participate. Your team may include:

    • A Urologist
    • Radiation Oncologist
    • A Medical Physicist
    • A Radiation Therapist
    • A Dosimetrist
    • Medical Support Staff

    Once the team is in place, the patient will begin preparation for CyberKnife treatment.

  • 2. Preparation

    Prior to CyberKnife treatment, you will be scheduled for a short outpatient procedure in which three to five tiny gold seeds – called fiducial markers – are inserted into the prostate.

    You then will undergo a CT scan, which help determine the exact size, shape and location of the prostate. An MRI scan also may be necessary to fully visualize the prostate and nearby anatomy.

  • 3. Treatment Plan

    Using CT, MRI and/or PET scan data, your medical team will determine the area targeted by radiation, the radiation dose, and identify critical structures – such as the spinal cord or vital organs – where radiation should be minimized.

    The CyberKnife System then calculates the optimal radiation delivery plan, leveraging its extreme maneuverability to deliver a safe and accurate treatment.

  • 4. Treatment

    During treatment, the CyberKnife System’s computer-controlled robot will move around your body to various locations from which it will deliver radiation. At each position, it will stop to determine precisely where the radiation should be delivered.

    Nothing will be required of you during treatment, except to relax and lie as still as possible.

  • 5. Post-treatment

    Most patients experience minimal side effects and can quickly return to their daily routines with little interruption to their normal activities.

    Doctors will discuss all possible side effects prior to treatment and may prescribe medication to control any side effects, should they occur.

    You also should schedule and attend any follow-up appointments.